Digital Media & Learning Research HubDML Central
This collaborative blog and curated collection of free and open resources is produced by the Digital Media and Learning Research Hub, which is dedicated to analyzing and interpreting the impact of the Internet and digital media on education, civic engagement, and youth.

 Media Education Research Journal (UK)

Media Literacy: What the Research Says (Renee Hobbs 10/27/07 podcast)

 Search feature available from Center on Media & Child Health

University of Ulster opens Centre for Media Research

Media Literacy/Media Education

Study: Media literacy education helps protect children from the harmful effects of media messages (April 2012) Media literacy education is effective in reducing risky or antisocial behaviors among children and youth of all ages and for all topics of focus, such as tobacco use, violence and sex, according to researchers who conducted a comprehensive review of … [Read more…]

The Role of Media Literacy in Shaping Adolescents’ Understanding of and Responses to Sexual Portrayals in Mass Media. Pinkleton, Bruce E.; Austin, Erica Weintraub; Chen, Yi-Chun “Yvonnes”; Cohen, Marilyn. Journal of Health Communication, Apr2012

 Impact of Interactive School-Based Media Literacy Lessons for Reducing Internalization of Media Ideals in Young Adolescent Girls and Boy
(International Journal of Eating Disorders)

Media Literacy Interventions: What makes them Boom or Boomerang?  (Byrne S. Commun Educ 2009; 58(1): 1-14.)

Association of Various Components of Media Literacy and Adolescent Smoking (American Journal of Health Behavior,  Mar-Apr 2009)

Study Links Active Reasoning About TV with Academic Achievement in African-American Children (April 2009)

Beyond Cynicism:  How Media Literacy Can Make Students More Engaged Citizens

Quantifying Media Literacy: Development, Reliability, and Validity of a New Measure (Educational Media International, Mar 2009)

Children and terrorism-related news: Training parents in coping and media literacy. J Consult Clin Psychol 2008

 Keeping pace with teen media use: implications and strategies for educators, The Journal of Educational Research ,(July-August 2008)

 The desirability paradox in the effects of media literacy training..Erica Weintraub Austin, Bruce E. Pinkleton and Ruth Patterson Funabiki. 

 Communication Research 34.5 (Oct 2007): p483(24).

 Media Literacy As An Educational Method for Addressing College Women’s Body Image Issues, Aug 2007

 Commercial Media Literacy: What Does It Do, to Whom-and Does It Matter?   Journal of Advertising.  Summer 2007

What the Research Says: Renee Hobbs’ keynote from the National Media Education Conference, June 2007

Wilksch, S.M., Tiggemann, M., & Wade, T.D. (2006). The impact of  interactive  school-based media literacy lessons for reducing
internalization of media ideals in young adolescent girls and boys.  International Journal of Eating Disorders, 39, 385-396.

Does Advertising Literacy Mediate the Effects of Advertising on Children? A Critical Examination of Two Linked Research Literatures in Relation to Obesity and Food Choice (Sept. 2006)

A Meta-analysis of the efficacy of health promoting media literacy education (July 2006)


Media literacy and critical thinking: is there a connection (August 2005)

Making Thinking Visible: Enhancing Media Literacy Instruction (June 2004)

Analyzing advertising in the English language arts classroom: A quasi-experimental study,
Studies in Media & Information Literacy Education Volume 4, Issue 2 (May 2004)

A media literacy nutrition education curriculum for Head Start parents about the effects of television advertising on their children’s food requests
Journal of the American Dietetic Association Feb 2004

Measuring the acquisition of media-literacy skills. By: Hobbs, Renee; Frost, Richard. Reading Research Quarterly, Jul-Sep2003, Vol. 38 Issue 3, p330

Communication Research Trends
, 20 Years of Trends, see pages 73-83

The Writing is Not On the Wall: Programs for Jailed Youth Strive for Social Change, Soros Newsletter

The Development of Media Literacy Among Grade Five Teachers and Students- A Case Study
Winston Emery, Rachel McCabe, Canadian Journal of Learning & Technology, Vol. 29, No. 1, Winter 2003, pages 39-66

Applying Diffusion Theory: Adoption of Media Literacy Programs in Schools

Setting Research Directions: Media Literacy & Health Dr. Robert Kubey, Rutgers University

The role of television viewing in the development of reading comprehension, June 2001

Why Do They Hit The Headlines?: Critical Media Literacy in the Foreign Language Class
Journal of Intercultural Studies, April 2001 v22 i1 p33   Author: Fernando Prieto Ramos

Media Education (RE9911) Policy Statement, American Academy of Pediatrics, Committee on Public Education
Volume 104, Number 2, August 1999, pp 341-343

Instructional Practices in Media Literacy Education and Their Impact on Students’ Learning
The New Jersey Journal of Communication, Volume 6, No. 2, Fall 1998 pages 123-148
Authors: Renee Hobbs and Richard Frost

Effects of General and Alcohol-Specific Media Literacy Training on Children’s Decision Making About Alcohol, Journal of Health Communication,
Volume 2, pp 17-42, 1997    Authors: Erica Weintraub Austin, Kristine Kay Johnson

Media Violence
Intervention Reduces Children’s Viewing Of Violent TV (2009)

Report Shows ‘Unequivocal Evidence’ That Media Violence Has Significant Negative Impact On Children (March 26, 2004) — Research report provides ‘A scientific assessment of research on  the influence of violent television and films, video games, and music “reveals unequivocal evidence that media violence increases the likelihood of aggressive and violent behavior” in  children and youth, according to a report published in Psychological Science in the Public Interest, a journal of the American Psychological Society.

The Influence of Media Violence on Youth
(Dec.2003, Pyschological Science in the Public Interest)

“Exposure to Violent Media: The Effects of Songs With Violent Lyrics on Aggressive Thoughts and Feelings,”

Neurobiological Research and the Impact of Media Science, Technology, and Space Hearing, Thursday, April 10 2003 – SR-253

Longitudinal Relations Between Children’s Exposure to TV Violence and Their Aggressive and Violent Behavior in Young Adulthood: 1977–1992
L. Rowell Huesmann, Jessica Moise-Titus, Cheryl-Lynn Podolski, and Leonard D. Eron, University of Michigan, Developmental Psychology, 2003, Vol. 39, No. 2, 201–221, ©2003 American Psychological Association; full study posted here

Media Violence: Advice for Parents  Pediatr Nurs 28(6):585-591, 2002

Violence and Sex Impair Memory for TV Ads
Do Violent Movies Make Violent Children?  Lancet, 2/9/2002, Vol.359 Issue 9305, p502, 1p, 1c  Author: McLellan, Faith

Media Violence Policy Statement, American Academy of Pediatrics,  Volume 108, Number 5     November 2001, pp 1222-1226

Television Viewing Time and Aggression study, January 2001, Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, lead author- Dr. Thomas Robinson

Media Violence and Children’s Emotions” Beyond the “Smoking Gun”   Author: Joanne Cantor
paper presented at American Psychological Association, Washington DC, August 5, 2000

Media Violence, Journal of Adolescent Health, August 2000, Vol 27, Issue 2 (Supplement 1) pages 30-34, Author: Joanne Cantor

Actions Without Consequences  Injury Related Messages In Children’s Programs, Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med/Vol 154, April 2000,  Authors: Flaura Koplin Winston, Kimberly Duyck Woolf, Amy Jordan, Esha Bhatia

Effects of Television Violence on Memory for Commercial Messages, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, December 1998, Volume 4, No. 4, 291-307,  Author: Brad J. Bushman

Learning About Television Violence: The Impact of a Critical Viewing Curriculum on Children’s Attitudinal Judgments of Crime Series, Journal of Research and Development in Education, Volume 26, Number 3, Spring 1993,  Authors: Marcel W. Vooijs, Tom H.A. Van Der Voort

Mitigating The Imitation of Aggressive Behaviors by Changing Children’s Attitudes About Media Violence,  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1983, Volume 44, No. 5, 899-910  Authors: L. Rowell Huesmann, Leonard D. Eron, Rosemary Klein, Patrick Brice, and Paulette Fischer, University of Illinois at Chicago


Association of Television Viewing During Childhood With Poor Educational Achievement (July 2005, news story)

The role of media in children’s development: an ecological perspective. (Review Articles) Amy Jordan.
Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics, June 2004 v25 i3 p196(11)

Study Finds Link Between Television Viewing And Attention Problems In Children (April 6, 2004) — Early television exposure in children ages 1-3 is associated with attention problems at age 7, according to a study from Children’s Hospital and Regional Medical Center in Seattle published in the April issue of Pediatrics.

Changes in television and magazine exposure and eating disorder symptomatology. Kimberley K. Vaughan, Gregory T. Fouts.   Sex Roles: A Journal of Research Oct 2003 v49 i7-8 p313(8) (5565 words)

Tufts University Research Shows TV Carries Messages That Influence Infants’ Behavior (1/23/03)

Television viewing and its associations with overweight, sedentary lifestyle, and insufficient consumption of fruits and vegetables among US high school students: differences by race, ethnicity, and gender. (Research Papers).Richard Lowry, Howell Wechsler, Deborah A. Galuska, Janet E. Fulton, Laura Kann. Journal of School Health Dec 2002 v72 i10 p413(9) (7188 words)

June 12, 2002 Hollywood, Calif. — The Parents Television Council (PTC), a non-partisan, non-profit, grassroots organization with over 715,000 members, today released its first-ever analysis of the presence of father figures in families on prime-time network television. The study found that 83% of all TV children have some sort of father figure involved in their lives. The study also found that less than half of all TV children live with both biological parents.
Talk About TV: Television Viewers’ Interpersonal Communication About Programming
Communication Reports, Winter 2001, Vol 14 Issue 1, p49, 9p   Author: Geiger, Wendy

Casting The American Scene: Fairness & Diversity in American Television

Identifying Patterns of Ethnical Sensitivity in TV News Viewers: An Assessment of Some Critical Viewing Skills, Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media, Fall 1998, V42 i4, p507(1),  Authors: Rebecca Ann Tind; Tammy Swenson-Lepper; David L. Rarick

Effects of Television Viewing on Children’s Development, Pediatric Nursing, September/October 1998, Vol. 23, No. 5, Authors: Judith A. Vessey, Paula K. Yim-Chiplis; Nancy R. MacKenzie

Media and Substance Abuse

The implications of vantage point in parental mediation of television and child’s attitudes toward drinking alcohol. Yuki Fujioka, Erica Weintraub Austin.  Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media Sept 2003 v47 i3 p418(17) (7396 words

Pechmann, C., G. Zhao, M.E. Goldberg and E.T. Reibling, “What to Convey in Antismoking Ads for Adolescents? The Use of Protection Motivation Theory to Identify Effective Message Themes,” forthcoming in theJournal of Marketing in 2003.

OverExposed: Youth a Target of Alcohol Advertising in Magazines

Television viewing and initiation of smoking among youth.
Pediatrics, 110, 505-508. Gidwani PP, Sobol A, DeJong W, Perrin JM, & Gortmaker SL (2002, September).

Viewing tobacco use in movies: Does it shape attitudes that mediate adolescent smoking?
American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 137-145. Sargent JD, Dalton MA, Beach ML, Mott LA, Tickle JJ, Ahrens MB, & Heatherton TF (2002, April 22).

The Substance Abuse in Popular Movies and Music Study 

Substance Abuse in Popular Prime Time Television

Media Literacy and Substance Abuse Virtual Library

Youth and Media
Generation M2: Media in the Lives of 8- to 18-Year-Olds /Daily Media Use Among Children and Teens Up Dramatically From Five Years Ago (January 2010)

Generation M: Media in the Lives of 8-18-Year-Olds (March 2005)

The effects of electronic media on children aged 0-6, A History of Research (Jan. 2005)

Well Child Visits In the Video Age: Pediatrics; Nov2004, Vol. 114 Issue 5, p1235, 7p

For Your health?  The relationship between magazine reading and adolescents’ body image and eating disturbances  Sex Roles: A Journal of Research, May 2003, Renee A. Botta

Children & Video Games (KFF Oct.2002)

Video Games & Youth Report from Children NOW

Centre for the Study of Children, Youth and Media– Dr. David Buckingham

An Agenda For Research on Youth and the Media, Journal of Adolescent Health, 2000; 27S:2-7
Authors: Jane D. Brown and Joanne Cantor

The Challenge of the Evolving Media Environment, Journal of Adolescent Health, 2000; 27S:69-72
Author: David A. Walsh

Media Matters For Youth Health, Journal of Adolescent Health, 2000; 27S: 73-76
Author: Marjorie Hogan

Media and Youth Consumerism, Journal of Adolescent Health, 2000:27S: 52-56
Author: Patti M. Valkenburg

Adolescents’ Sexual Media Diets, Journal of Adolescent Health, 2000:27S:35-40
Author:  Jane D. Brown

Advertising and Youth

Advertising foods to children: understanding promotion in the context of children’s daily lives

A Media Literacy Nutrition Education Curriculum for Head Start Parents About The Effects of Television Advertising on Their Children’s Food Requests.
Journal of the American Dietetic Association, February 2004

Is Television Bad for Your Health? Behavior and Body Image of the Adolescent “Couch Potato”. (Statistical Data Included) Jan Van den Buick. Journal of Youth and Adolescence June 2000 v29 i3 p273 (6192 words)

Predicting the Potential for Risky Behavior Among Those “Too Young” to Drink As the Result of Appealing Advertising, Journal of Health Communication, Volume 5, pp.13-17, 2000   Authors: Erica Weintraub Austin, Christopher Knaus

Adolescents’ Perceptions of Print Cigarette Advertising: A Case for Counteradvertising, Journal of Health Communication, Volume 5, pp 83-96, 2000   Authors: Katherine Hawkins, Audrey Curtis Hane

Health, Medicine, and Food Messages in Television Commercials During 1992 and 1998, Journal of School Health, February 2000, Vol. 70, No. 2   Authors: Carol Byrd-Bredbenner, Darlene Grasso

Assessing Prosocial Message Effectiveness: Effects of Message Quality, Production Quality, and Persuasiveness, Journal of Health Communication, Volume 4, pp 195-210, 1999    Authors: Erica Weintraub Austin, Bruce Pinkleton, Yuki Fujioka

Advertising Health: The Case for Counter-Ads, Public Health Reports, Nov/Dec 93, Vol.108 Issue 6, p716, 11p   Authors: Dorfman, Lori; Wallack, Lawrence

Media and Sexuality

Linking Exposure to Outcomes: Early Adolescents’ Consumption of Sexual Content in Six Media (Mar.2005)

June 2002 Teens, Sex and TV Survey Snapshot presents data on the  role of television in influencing adolescents’ decisions related to sexual behavior. This survey of a nationally representative sample of more than 500 adolescents ages 15 through 17 was jointly conducted by the Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation and US News and World Report. The snapshot, highlighting key findings of the survey, is available at:

Gender and Family As Moderators of The Relationship Between Music Video Exposure and Adolescent Sexual Permissiveness. Vol. 30, Adolescence, 09-01-1995, pp 505(17), Authors: Strouse, Jeremiah S.; Buerkel-Rothfuss, Nancy; Long, Edgar C.J.

Share this page:
Contact Frank W. Baker

Invite Frank W. Baker - one of the nation’s leading Media Literacy Experts - to your School, District or Conference