Fake Hurricane Photos
assumption a lot of people make is,
well, pictures don’t lie — you can
believe what you see,” said Santiago
Lyon, director of photography for the
Associated Press. “But of course
pictures can lie, and they do lie, and
they’ve been manipulated for a long
"Any media that employ digitally doctored photographs will have a stronger
effect than merely influencing our opinion -- by tampering with our
malleable memory, they may ultimately change the way we recall history,"
University of Padua researcher Dario Sacchi-- upon
release of a study on how people's recollection of historical events
is affected by digitally altered news images.
INTRODUCTION Note to educators:
"Is Seeing Believing?" is the title of a curriculum I discovered at the
Newseum, a museum of news in Washington DC.
It deals with the manipulation of photographic images in news,
and culture. I became fascinated by this topic, so I devoted this web
site to it.
Throughout history the photograph has been manipulated for various
It is important for students to understand those purposes and to learn
question images they find in media and on the Internet.
Here you will find a number of contemporary examples of the "digital
manipulation of images" as well as links to articles about the ethics
A good starting point for students might be the handout "Key
helps them use critical thinking skills as they analyze the images.
Let me know what you think of this resource.
NOTE: Special thanks to Theresa Redmond, Visual Arts educator (Peoples
Academy Middle Level in Morrisville VT) for sharing her
Powerpoint on this topic.
Current recommended articles/resources:
The Amazing World of Photo
Editing Before Photoshop
What Did We Do Before Photoshop?
Social Media Making Us Suckers? From Images to Hoaxes,
Manipulating photos in a pre-Photoshop World/
"Faking It: Manipulated
Photography Before Photoshop"
Before Photoshop: How Photos Have Been Manipulated For Years
The World's First Faked Photo
Startup Reveals If A Photo Is Fake
Photo retoucher exposes how models REALLY get
Detecting the Truth in Photos
Stand: Will new attitudes and regulatory
oversight hit delete on some photo retouching in print ads?
Newspaper Raises Eyebrows With Composite Photo on Page One
Digitally altered images: famous pictures that have been manipulated
North Korea not the only offender: 6 official photo fudgings
Photoshop catastrophes: 2011 The year in review
Photoshopped or Not? A Tool to Tell
Retouched or not: tool spots photos' too-flawless features
Great Fakes –
Famous Doctored Photographs
How Civil War Photography Changed War
Manipulation in the Fashion Industry
How we learned to love Photoshop
Point, Shoot, Retouch and
The Case of The
Inappropriate Alarm Clock
Part 1; 2
Looking at the truth of a photo
A Move to Curb Digitally Altered Photos in
Seeing is not believing: Doctoring digital photos is easy.
Detecting it can be hard
Photo Disasters In Ads & News
Edits Black Man Out of Photo
Faked photos: Look, and then look again/
A Brief History of Photo Fakery
Photoshop disasters may be banned in UK
Photoshopped images: the good, the bad and the ugly
New York Times Magazine Withdraws Altered Photo Essay/
Scenes: Digital Manipulation
Ethics in the age of digital manipulation
News Photos that took airbrushing too far
Seeing Believing in an Age of Digital Photos?
No Airbrushing Is the New All Black
for Democracy Revisited: The Sarah Palin File
Touch-Ups the New Reality
Digital Photo Fakery What's Real? Learning to Tell Truth From
Fiction in The Photoshop Age (PC World, Aug 2008)
Forensics: How Experts Uncover Doctored Images/
Ways to Spot A Fake Photo /Photo Tampering Throughout History (Scientific American)